Bunion Pain Treatment
Bunions normally present as bumps or a swelling on the side or top of the big toe joint. People of all ages can develop bunions. The technical name for a bunion is “Hallux Abductovalgus”. It is sometimes also referred to as just “Hallux Valgus”. Bunions form when the big toe angles towards the 2nd toe and this subsequently causes the “bump” or deformity that forms on the side of the big toe joint. This “bump” develops due to the increased pressure on footwear and is commonly made up of bone. The bump may also be due to a bursa (fluid filled sac) that forms across the joint in response to the pressure and friction. Over time a bunion can progressively get worse without treatment.
Bunions can be a cause of discomfort and can also become quite painful. This can be due to hard skin that builds up due to altered joint mechanics, poor joint alignment and spasming of muscles in the area. They can also be painless and a multitude of patients seek medical intervention for cosmetic reasons or due to difficulty finding footwear. Ill-fitting or tight footwear, high heels, familial factors and biomechanical problems, including flat feet or low arches, are thought to be related to the cause of bunions.
Bunions can be diagnosed by Podiatrists at Scarborough Podiatry and they can assist you with advice on footwear, correction of biomechanical problems with orthotics, joint mobilisations to relieve pain and improve movement, shaving the calluses that often build up around a bunion and education on footwear to help reduce pain in the joint as well as getting the correct fit. Treatment often prevents or slows the progression of a bunion and can relieve symptoms. Existing deformity can only be corrected by surgery, which we try to avoid unless it is interfering with daily function or some people chose to have surgery for cosmetic reasons. There are 2 options for surgery and your podiatrist can go through them with you. One is with an orthopaedic surgeon and another is a podiatric surgeon.
See one of the Podiatrists at Scarborough Podiatry for treatment of your bunion pain.